Serbia/Serbs


Serbia/Serbs:
Development of a Nation
How Serbia became
Serbia,
and how the Serbs became Serb.


SerbiaHow
Serbs as a people, and the country of Serbia as a nation-state,
evolved and materialized into current form, in terms of ancestral
bloodlines, the Serbian language, borders, culture, and even how they
received their name.


Ancestral Background
Development of Language
Formation of Borders
Etymology (How Name Received)
Culture
Serbia in 2008


Slavic tribes
Serbian
Ancestral Background:

  1. 3000 BC – People along the Baltic coast
    centered around modern Lithuania begin speaking the
    Proto-Balto-Slavic language, a branch off from

    Proto-Indo-European
    . This serves as the genesis of the Slavic
    and Baltic languages/peoples.
  2. 1000 BC – A group splinters from the
    Proto-Balto-Slavic people, migrating southeast into modern Ukraine.
    This branch off group were the predecessors to Slavs, who would
    ultimately extend outward in all directions.
  3. In the 6th century, as Germanics
    migrated westward, a group of Slavs expanded southward to fill the
    void, inhabiting the northern border of the Byzantine Empire
    (continuation of the Roman Empire in the Greek world).
  4. 558 – Avars, a central Asian Turkic people,
    driven west into Europe (through modern Ukraine) by Persians and
    more powerful Turkic empires, came into contact with the Byzantines.
    They were paid off by the Byzantines to settle the area north of the
    Danube River, and to subdue barbarian Germanics remaining in the
    territory. The Avars succeeded in driving the Germans out of area,
    including the Lombards, who were driven into Italy, where they
    become the ruling class. At this time, large groups of Slavic
    peoples were settled north of the Danube as well. The Avar raids
    forced them

    Hungary
    south into the Balkan peninsula, where they settled
    lands abandoned by Germanic peoples, including modern Romania and
    Hungary. Slavic peoples would inhabit the entire Balkan region north
    of the Greek-inhabited lands at the very southern portion of the
    peninsula by 700. The Illyrians would be driven into a remote
    mountainous region in modern Albania, becoming forefathers to modern
    Albanians, which would also include a Slavic component from
    intermixing.
  5. By the
    7th century, Serbs would begin to come under Bulgarian
    control, and then under Byzantine control in 10th
    century. Byzantines were the continuation of the Roman Empire among
    the Greeks and those under their rule. By the 7th
    century, the Serbs had already developed into a distinct
    nationality, as they were just far enough beyond the main body of
    surrounding kingdoms to materialize as a cohesive yet differentiated
    group. By this point, the genetic composition of Serbs was largely
    set.
  6. 1389 –
    Battle of Kosovo. The Muslim Ottoman Turks defeated the Serbs,
    taking control of the southeast portion of the Serbian Empire.
  7. Austria-HungaryBy
    1459, virtually all of Serbia was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
    The Serbs

    remained a distinct nation under Muslim Ottoman rule,
    maintaining their Christian heritage, resisting Islamization unlike
    other Slav nations swallowed into the Ottoman Empire, such as Bosnia
    and Albania, further cementing the sectarian lines between these two
    bordering nations of people. Serbs were instead able to further
    consolidate their identity through the Serbian Orthodox Church,
    insulated Serbs from other the original Orthodox church in Greece,
    which was also under Ottoman rule, but unable to project influence
    abroad d
    ue to its vassal status.
  8. Serbia would eventually be conquered by
    Austria (1817), before achieving independence (1882). It would
    become the dominant ethnogroup in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which
    consolidated South Slavs after the break-up of the Austria-Hungary
    Empire following its defeat in 1918. The Serbs would fervently
    protect its preferential status, perpetuating sectarian jealousies
    and rivalries within Yugoslavia, which would eventually devolve into
    the Yugoslavia Wars, and the subsequent fragmentation of Yugoslavia
    along nationalistic lines. It was this sectarianism that served to
    keep nationalistic divisions in place.

Save as much as 70% on select National Geographic merchandise!

Development of Serbian Language:

  1. Balkans independence from Ottoman Empire3000 BC – People along the Baltic coast
    centered around modern Lithuania begin speaking the
    Proto-Balto-Slavic language, a branch off from

    Proto-Indo-European
    . This serves as the genesis of the Slavic
    and Baltic languages/peoples.
  2. 1000 BC – A group splinters from the
    Proto-Balto-Slavic people, migrating southeast into modern Ukraine.
    This branch off group were the predecessors to Slavs, who would
    ultimately extend outward in all directions. Their language evolves
    into the original Slav language, a sub-branch of Proto-Balto-Slavic,
    and the ancestral language to all Slav sub-branches, including
    Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Serbian, Croatian and others.
  3. South Slav Language begins to separate from
    Western Slav Language in the 9th to 10th
    century, after Magyars settled into modern Hungary, separating the
    West Slavs (in modern Poland, Czech Republic and Slovakia) from the
    South Slavs (territory roughly approximating the former Yugoslavia).
  4. By 10th
    century, Serbian begins to become a distinct language, having
    sufficiently diverged from other South Slav languages. It remains
    mutually intelligible with Bosniak and Croat.

Save 20% off and Free Shipping on Select Language Learning Software

Formation
of Serbian Borders:

  1. Balkan WarsIn the 6th century, as Germanics
    migrated westward, a group of Slavs expanded southward to fill the
    void, inhabiting the northern border of the Byzantine Empire
    (continuation of the Roman Empire in the Greek world).
  2. 558 – Avars, a central Asian Turkic people,
    driven west into Europe (through modern Ukraine) by Persians and
    more powerful Turkic empires, came into contact with the Byzantines.
    They were paid off by the Byzantines to settle the area north of the
    Danube River, and to subdue barbarian Germanics remaining in the territory.
    The Avars succeeded in driving the Germans out of area, including
    the Lombards, who were driven into Italy, where they become the
    ruling class. At this time, large groups of Slavic peoples were
    settled north of the Danube as well. The Avar raids forced them
    south into the Balkan peninsula, where they settled lands abandoned
    by Germanic peoples, including modern Romania and Hungary. Slavic
    peoples would inhabit the entire Balkan region north of the
    Greek-inhabited lands at the very southern portion of the peninsula
    by 700.
  3. By the
    7th century, Serbs would begin to come under Bulgarian
    control, and then under Byzantine con
    trol in 10th
    century. Byzantines were the continuation of the Roman Empire among
    the Greeks and those under their rule. By the 7th
    century, the Serbs had already developed into a distinct
    nationality, as they were just far eno
    ugh beyond the main body of
    surrounding kingdoms to materialize as a cohesive yet differentiated
    group.
  4. In the late 12th century, the Serbs
    were still officially under control of Byzantine, but essentially
    operating independently. They went on to conquer Albania, Kosovo,
    northern Macedonia, and eastern modern Serbia. Their independence
    was formally recognized in 1217.
  5. 1282 – As dowry for a dynastic marriage,
    Hungary gives its northern Serbia holdings to the monarch of Serbia,
    along with territory in northeast Bosnia.
  6. 1389 –
    Battle of Kosovo. The Muslim Ottoman Turks defeated the Serbs,
    taking control of the southeast portion of the Serbian Empire.
  7. By
    1459, virtually all of Serbia was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
    The Serbs remained a distinct nation under Muslim Ottoman rule,
    maintaining their Christian heritage, res
    isting Islamization unlike
    other Slav nations swallowed into the Ottoman Empire, such as Bosnia
    and Albania, further cementing the sectarian lines between these two

    bordering nations of people, laying the foundation for future
    divisions.

  8. Defeat of Austria-Hungary
    1718 – Austria-Ottoman War: The Serbs were
    persuaded to join their fellow
    Christians from Austria in a revolt
    against the Muslim Ottoman Empire, gaining Northern Serbia for
    themselves.
  9. 1817 – A Serb uprising against the Ottomans
    frees most of Serbia from Ottoman rule, with the exception of the
    capital city of Belgrade. Serbia then became a principality within
    the Austrian Empire.
  10. 1867 – The Ottoman Empire finally withdraws
    from Belgrade, its last foothold in Serbia.
  11. 1882 – Serbs gain independence from the
    Austrian Empire, establishing the Kingdom
    of Serbia. The northern
    region of Vojvodina remains an autonomous region within
    Austria-Hungary.
  12. 1913 – Balkan Wars: Serbia captured Macedonia,
    while also gaining territory to the east at the expense of Bulgaria.
  13. 1918 – Serbia, fighting on the Allied side,
    was awarded Austrian territories of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia, to
    form the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes at the conclusion
    of WWI in 1918. Vojvodina (Northern Serbia) was unified with Serbia.
  14. In 1929, the name of the kingdom was changed
    to Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was conquered and sub-divided among the
    Axis Powers during WWII, but restored to its former borders after
    the war.
  15. Serbia-dominated Yugoslavia remained intact
    until the beginning of the Yugoslavia Wars in 1990, when President
    Milosevic attempted to consolidate power among Serbs in lands
    outside of Serbia, resulting in wars of independence, and the
    subsequent

    Yugoslavia Wars
    break up of Yugoslavia. Serbia and Montenegro was one of
    the successor states, a union based on the traditional nations of
    Serbian and Montenegro.
  16. 2006 – Montenegro declares independence,
    leaving Serbia as a stand-alone nation-state.
  17. 2008 – Kosovo declares independence. Kosovo is
    an Albanian-majority nation that has traditionally existed within
    Serbian borders.

Maps.com – The World’s Largest Maps Store!

Etymology (How
Name Received):

Serb is of
unknown origin, likely from the Serbian language, or at least Slav
family language.

Serbian
Culture:

Serbian art, architecture,
music and other cultural aspects have traditionally been influenced by
Eastern Orthodoxy, first under Byzantine Greek Orthodox influence.
Later, the Serb Orthodox Church supplanted the Greek Orthodox as the
leading influence of Serbian culture.

Serbian culture would survive
the longstanding Muslim domination under the Ottoman Empire. During the
existence of Yugoslavia, Serb culture was influenced by Soviet communist
idealism. Since the break down of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia,
western influence has been on the rise.


Serbia in 2008:


Economy:
Still recovering from
frequent warfare during the 1990s, along with UN economic sanctions, as
it was seen as the aggressor during the Yugoslavian Wars. Unemployment
(18%) and national debt remain significant problems. But in the past few
years, the economy has really begun to grow. Serbia is traditionally a
dominant force in the Balkans, indicating the room it had to grow after
suffering a low point during the Yugoslavia Wars, where the world
essentially teamed against it.
Government: Democratic Republic
Religion: Serbian Orthodox 85%, Roman Catholic 6%.
Demographics: Serb 83%, Hungarian 4% (Northern Serbia
historically under Hungarian rule).
Foreign Policy: Engaged in law suit filed by Bosnia & Herzegovina
for war crimes and charges of genocide during Bosnian War from 1992 –
95. Currently engaged in minor border disputes with Croatia and Bosnia.
Through diplomatic and other non-military means, trying to retain Kosovo
province, which seceded from Serbia in 2008. Trying to gain entry into
EU, as it attempts to shed its label as menace in region after the
Yugoslavia Wars.
Population: 10,159,046 (2008)



Formation of Nations (All European Nations)


Genealogy Search:

OneGreatFamily.com - Search MILLIONS of names
Individual
First Name Last Name
For females, use maiden name
(last name before marriage)
find family
Father
First Name Last Name
Mother
First Name Last Name
Visit OneGreatFamily.com